ENDOCRINOLOGY

Minimally Invasive Parathyroidectomy

Aug 13, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Minimally Invasive Parathyroidectomy

♦ Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP), or focused parathyroidectomy, was developed to facilitate surgical management of single-gland parathyroid disease with a smaller incision and less tissue dissection than the traditional four-gland…

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Reoperative Thyroid Surgery

Aug 13, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Reoperative Thyroid Surgery

Step 1 Surgical Anatomy ♦ Thyroid reoperations are among the most technically demanding and morbid procedures in endocrine surgery. The additive effect of postoperative adhesions, the altered relationship between the…

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Energy Metabolism

Jul 15, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Energy Metabolism

Objectives 1. Explain energy metabolism in general and how the challenges to provide adequate energy to all cells change during the digestive phase versus the fasting phase. 2. List the…

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Hypothalamus-Pituitary Complex

Jul 15, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Hypothalamus-Pituitary Complex

Objectives 1. Discuss the embryology and anatomy of the pituitary gland. 2. Review the function of the neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary), including the synthesis, regulation, and function of two neurohormones: antidiuretic…

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The Female Reproductive System

Jul 15, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on The Female Reproductive System

Objectives 1. Describe the anatomy and histology of the ovary and the development of the ovarian follicle. 2. Describe the steroidogenic pathways in the ovarian follicle and the functions of…

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The Adrenal Gland

Jul 15, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on The Adrenal Gland

Objectives 1. Discuss the anatomy of the adrenal gland, including the vascular supply and cortical zonation. 2. Diagram the synthesis and regulated release of catecholamines in the chromaffin cell. 3….

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Fertilization, Pregnancy, and Lactation

Jul 15, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Fertilization, Pregnancy, and Lactation

Objectives 1. Describe the synchronization among fertilization, early embryonic events, and the human menstrual cycle. 2. Describe the events involved in fertilization. 3. Explain how implantation and placentation occur. 4….

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