INFECTIOUS DISEASE

Clostridioides difficileinfection

Jan 3, 2021 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Clostridioides difficileinfection

Clostridioides difficile , formerly knowns as Clostridium difficile, is a Gram-positive, anaerobic bacillus, with a spore phase that prolongs survival in the environment. Ingestion of spores that are resistant to…

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Gastrointestinal viruses

Jan 3, 2021 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Gastrointestinal viruses

Diarrheal disease is the second most common cause of death in children younger than 5 years worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In the United States, viruses are…

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Pneumocystispneumonia

Jan 3, 2021 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Pneumocystispneumonia

Epidemiology and risk factors Pneumocystis jirovecii (formerly Pneumocystis carinii ) is an infrequent though potentially deadly cause of fungal pneumonia ( P. jirovecii pneumonia [PJP]) in immunocompromised patients. P. jirovecii…

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Nocardiaand actinomyces

Jan 3, 2021 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Nocardiaand actinomyces

Nocardia Epidemiology and risk factors Nocardia species are a heterogeneous group of ubiquitous aerobic, gram-positive filamentous organisms that reside in soil and decaying organic matter and are associated with an…

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Toxoplasma gondii

Jan 3, 2021 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Toxoplasma gondii

Epidemiology and risk factors Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan parasite in the phylum Apicomplexa. It infects humans and almost all warm-blooded animals, including mammals and birds. Transmission of T. gondii…

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Candidiasis

Jan 3, 2021 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Candidiasis

The Candida genus represents a group of more than 200 species present in both human flora and the environment. Of these, approximately 20 have been implicated in human disease. Typically,…

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