ENDOCRINOLOGY

Endometriosis

May 12, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Endometriosis

Abstract Endometriosis is a complex syndrome characterized by an estrogen-dependent chronic inflammatory process that primarily affects pelvic tissues, including ovaries, and results from repetitious ovulatory menstrual episodes and retrograde travel…

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Pelvic Imaging in Reproductive Endocrinology

May 12, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Pelvic Imaging in Reproductive Endocrinology

Abstract A transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) is an efficient imaging tool in the “one-stop” investigation of subfertility. A comprehensive evaluation of the structure of ovarian, uterine, and tubal patency can provide…

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Evaluation of Hormonal Status

May 12, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Evaluation of Hormonal Status

Abstract The appropriate measurement of hormones, their interpretation, the judicious use of provocative tests, and targeted imaging are all important aspects of the discipline of reproductive endocrinology. In this chapter…

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Gamete and Embryo Manipulation

May 12, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Gamete and Embryo Manipulation

Abstract This chapter describes the procedures performed in the in vitro fertilization (IVF) laboratory. Ideal laboratory conditions are discussed to highlight the enormity of the undertaking required to create an…

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Assisted Reproduction

May 12, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Assisted Reproduction

Abstract The term assisted reproduction incorporates a wide range of technologies that are used to enhance the probability of achieving a pregnancy after the collection and direct handling of oocytes,…

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Menopause and Aging

May 12, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Menopause and Aging

Abstract With the increase in life expectancy, a woman may now expect to spend one-third or more of her life after menopause. Thus the understanding of the physiology of menopause…

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Endocrine Diseases of Pregnancy

May 12, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Endocrine Diseases of Pregnancy

Abstract Physiological and endocrine adaptations occur in the mother in response to the demands of pregnancy. These demands include support of the fetus (volume support, nutritional and oxygen supply, and…

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Fertility Preservation

May 12, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Fertility Preservation

Abstract Cancer patients are surviving their disease in increasing numbers, and options to preserve their reproductive health exist for both males and females. Coupling the need of cancer patients with…

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Physiologic and Pathophysiologic Alterations of the Neuroendocrine Components of the Reproductive Axis

May 12, 2019 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Physiologic and Pathophysiologic Alterations of the Neuroendocrine Components of the Reproductive Axis

Abstract The neurohormonal control of reproduction involves a network of central and peripheral signals in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. The gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) system plays a crucial part in this axis….

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