ENDOCRINOLOGY

Small Cell Lesions

Oct 22, 2018 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Small Cell Lesions

Small Cell Lesions Small cell carcinomas and lymphomas constitute a common source of diagnostic error, often misclassified as anaplastic carcinomas [1, 2, 3, 4] (Figs. 13.1, 13.2, 13.3, e-Figs. 13.1,…

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Squamoid, Spindle, and Giant Cell Lesions

Oct 22, 2018 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Squamoid, Spindle, and Giant Cell Lesions

Squamoid, Spindle, and Giant Cell Lesions UNDIFFERENTIATED (ANAPLASTIC) CARCINOMA Anaplastic or undifferentiated carcinoma historically accounted for 5% to 10% of all primary malignant tumors of the thyroid [1], but in…

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Solid and Trabecular Lesions

Oct 22, 2018 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Solid and Trabecular Lesions

Solid and Trabecular Lesions PAPILLARY CARCINOMA Solid Variant The solid variant of papillary carcinoma is characterized by solid nests of epithelial cells that have well-defined borders but fail to form…

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Follicular Lesions

Oct 22, 2018 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Follicular Lesions

Follicular Lesions FOLLICULAR NODULAR DISEASE The most common disorder of the thyroid is the presence of numerous follicular nodules with heterogeneous architecture and cytology. These lesions may be small and…

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Papillary Lesions

Oct 22, 2018 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Papillary Lesions

Papillary Lesions GRAVES’ DISEASE It is rare that a patient with Graves’ disease will undergo biopsy of the thyroid except in the event of a cold nodule developing within the…

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Inflammatory and Lymphoid Lesions

Oct 22, 2018 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Inflammatory and Lymphoid Lesions

Inflammatory and Lymphoid Lesions ACUTE INFLAMMATION Acute inflammation of the thyroid occurs in the setting of infection and/or trauma, after radiation, or in association with tumor necrosis. Infection is rare…

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Cystic Lesions

Oct 22, 2018 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Cystic Lesions

Cystic Lesions SIMPLE COLLOID CYSTS AND HEMORRHAGIC CYSTS Cystic change within nodules of the thyroid gland is easily identified on ultrasound. Large cysts become the target for fine needle aspiration…

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Ancillary Tools in Thyroid Diagnosis

Oct 22, 2018 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Ancillary Tools in Thyroid Diagnosis

Ancillary Tools in Thyroid Diagnosis Many thyroid tumors can be readily diagnosed using cytologic and histopathologic criteria, which allow the pathologist to distinguish benign from malignant lesions and guarantee accurate…

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