ONCOLOGY

Palliative care and quality of life

Nov 19, 2022 by in ONCOLOGY Comments Off on Palliative care and quality of life

Key points 1. Palliative care is interdisciplinary care that seeks to prevent, relieve, or reduce the symptoms of a disease without affecting a cure. 2. Certain treatments may not result…

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Targeted therapy and molecular genetics

Nov 19, 2022 by in ONCOLOGY Comments Off on Targeted therapy and molecular genetics

Key points 1. The development of new and effective therapies should be rooted in a clear understanding of tumor biology. 2. Bevacizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody to human vascular endothelial…

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Gestational trophoblastic disease

Nov 19, 2022 by in ONCOLOGY Comments Off on Gestational trophoblastic disease

Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) comprises a spectrum of neoplastic conditions derived from the placenta. Hydatidiform moles, gestational choriocarcinoma, placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT), and epithelioid trophoblastic tumor (ETT) are histologic…

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Immunotherapy in gynecologic malignancies

Nov 19, 2022 by in ONCOLOGY Comments Off on Immunotherapy in gynecologic malignancies

In 1893, William Bradley Coley reported the case of a German immigrant with a neck sarcoma that was deemed inoperable and yet disappeared after an erysipelas infection ). Coley hypothesized…

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Invasive cervical cancer

Nov 19, 2022 by in ONCOLOGY Comments Off on Invasive cervical cancer

Key points 1. Conservative management of early-stage cervical cancer in young women should be considered if childbearing is important to that patient. 2. In many developing countries, cervical cancer is…

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Breast diseases

Nov 19, 2022 by in ONCOLOGY Comments Off on Breast diseases

Key points 1. Women who present with a breast mass require triple assessment , which comprises physical examination, breast imaging with mammography and ultrasound, and pathologic or cytologic evaluation. Discordant…

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Invasive cancer of the vulva

Nov 19, 2022 by in ONCOLOGY Comments Off on Invasive cancer of the vulva

Key points 1. Invasive vulvar cancer is a relatively rare tumor, accounting for 4% of all female genital malignant neoplasms. 2. Squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva develops by human…

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