ENDOCRINOLOGY

Adrenal Gland Imaging

Jan 16, 2017 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Adrenal Gland Imaging

CT is currently the primary method of imaging the adrenal gland, both for evaluating patients with abnormal adrenal function and for demonstrating adrenal anatomy in patients with incidentally discovered adrenal…

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Endocrine Testing

Jan 16, 2017 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Endocrine Testing

Endocrine-Related Autoantibody Tests Catecholamines Gastrointestinal Hormone–Related Tests Gonad Function Tests Growth and Growth Hormone Tests Hypothalamic-Pituitary Tests Parathyroid/Bone Tests Renal and Fluid-Balance Tests Thyroid Function Tests Genetic Tests Adrenal Dynamic…

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Adrenal Causes of Hypercortisolism

Jan 16, 2017 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Adrenal Causes of Hypercortisolism

FIGURE 102-1. Age distribution in adrenal Cushing’s syndrome according to etiology, depicted as percentage of patients at different ages: adenoma (-◊-), carcinoma (-•-), PPNAD (…….), and AIMAH (- – –…

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Surgery of the Thyroid

Jan 16, 2017 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Surgery of the Thyroid

FIGURE 95-1. The dramatic case of Maria Richsel, the first patient with postoperative myxedema to have come to Kocher’s attention. A, The child and her younger sister before the operation….

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Disorders of Prolactin Secretion and Prolactinomas

Jan 16, 2017 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Disorders of Prolactin Secretion and Prolactinomas

FIGURE 18-1. Selective antiestrogen treatment inhibits pituitary tumor growth in vivo. Pretreatment (baseline) and posttreatment tumor volumes and serum prolactin (PRL) levels after mini osmotic pumps infusion of vehicle or…

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Somatic Growth and Maturation

Jan 16, 2017 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Somatic Growth and Maturation

FIGURE 25-1. Growth hormone (GH) regulatory axis: Major factors regulating GH release. GH is secreted after the integration of diverse hypothalamic stimuli. It stimulates insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) production by…

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Parathyroid Hormone and Parathyroid Hormone–Related Peptide in the Regulation of Calcium Homeostasis and Bone Development

Jan 16, 2017 by in ENDOCRINOLOGY Comments Off on Parathyroid Hormone and Parathyroid Hormone–Related Peptide in the Regulation of Calcium Homeostasis and Bone Development

FIGURE 56-1. The parathyroid hormone (PTH)/PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) receptor interacts with indistinguishable efficiency and efficacy with PTH and PTHrP, and it activates at least two distinct second messenger systems, cyclic…

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