INFECTIOUS DISEASE

Acute Bacterial Meningitis

Aug 11, 2016 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Acute Bacterial Meningitis

ACUTE BACTERIAL MENINGITIS KAREN L. ROOS, ALLAN R. TUNKEL, DIEDERIK VAN DE BEEK, AND W. MICHAEL SCHELD The meningitis syndrome has been recognized for centuries. Hippocrates realized the important intracranial…

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Brain Abscess

Aug 11, 2016 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Brain Abscess

BRAIN ABSCESS MATTHIAS KLEIN, HANS-WALTER PFISTER, ALLAN R. TUNKEL, AND W. MICHAEL SCHELD DEFINITION Brain abscess is a focal intracerebral infection that begins as a localized area of cerebritis and…

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Imaging of Intracranial Infections

Aug 11, 2016 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Imaging of Intracranial Infections

IMAGING OF INTRACRANIAL INFECTIONS CARRIE P. MARDER AND KATHLEEN R. FINK Intracranial infections are usually diagnosed by clinical assessment and laboratory investigations, particularly cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, combined with radiologic…

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Epidural Abscess

Aug 11, 2016 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Epidural Abscess

EPIDURAL ABSCESS HANS-WALTER PFISTER, MATTHIAS KLEIN, ALLAN R. TUNKEL, AND W. MICHAEL SCHELD SPINAL EPIDURAL ABSCESS First described by the Italian anatomist Morgagni in the eighteenth century, a spinal epidural…

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Tetanus

Aug 11, 2016 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Tetanus

TETANUS ITZHAK BROOK Tetanus is a serious but preventable nervous system disorder caused by the toxin produced by Clostridium tetani. Although the disease is rare in the industrial nations, it…

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Rickettsioses, Anaplasmoses, and Q Fever

Aug 11, 2016 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Rickettsioses, Anaplasmoses, and Q Fever

RICKETTSIOSES, ANAPLASMOSES, AND Q FEVER DIDIER RAOULT Bacteria in the order Rickettsiales are gram-negative microorganisms that grow in association with eukaryotic cells. They do not grow in axenic media but…

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Trypanosomiasis

Aug 11, 2016 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Trypanosomiasis

TRYPANOSOMIASIS LOUIS V. KIRCHHOFF Trypanosomes are single-celled protozoan parasites that have an amazingly broad distribution in nature. The diversity and wide geographic range of the animals infected by trypanosomes make…

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Complications of Infective Endocarditis

Aug 11, 2016 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Complications of Infective Endocarditis

COMPLICATIONS OF INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS STEFANO GIULIERI, RETO ANTOINE MEULI, AND MATTHIAS CAVASSINI Central nervous system (CNS) complications of infective endocarditis (IE) occur in about 30% of patients, with the highest…

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Tuberculous Meningitis

Aug 11, 2016 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Tuberculous Meningitis

TUBERCULOUS MENINGITIS DOROTHEE HEEMSKERK, JEREMY FARRAR, AND MAXINE CAWS Yea, I have known inflammations, Imposthumes, whelks, scirrhus Tumors growing to the Meninges, with the Skull, and other Diseases of an…

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Herpes Simplex Virus

Aug 11, 2016 by in INFECTIOUS DISEASE Comments Off on Herpes Simplex Virus

HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS RICHARD J. WHITLEY Eight herpesviruses routinely cause human disease. The current classification of herpesviruses into subfamilies serves the purposes of identifying evolutionary relatedness and summarizing unique properties…

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